Maximize Your Savings on an Income of 10+ Lakhs with Smart Tax Planning

Traditionally, savings in India have focused on two things - planning for the family’s future and saving on taxes.

Author:IndiaFirst Life | Date:14 Sep 2023 | Time:11:37:00

Read More 2028 Views

Traditionally, savings in India have focused on two things - planning for the family’s future and saving on taxes. The budget for 2023-24 has implemented a new tax regime. Below, we analyse the advantages and disadvantages of both tax regimes for income of 10 lakhs, enabling you to determine which is more beneficial. 

Importance of saving tax for salary above 10 lakhs 

‘How much tax should I pay for 10 lakhs income?’ If that’s the question on your mind, wouldn’t you like to know how to save tax on a 10 lakhs salary, so you can maximise savings and reinvest it to earn more.  

Until last year, Section 80C of the Income Tax Act recognized a number of investments as tax deductible. 

These included, to name a few: 

  • House Rent Allowance 

  • Premium for life insurance and Provident fund contribution under Section 80C of the IT Act 

  • Pension fund (NPS) contributions under Section 80CCD (1) of the Act 

  • National Savings Certificates  

  • Mediclaim expenses under Section 80D of the IT Act   

  • Tax savings fixed deposits, repayment of principal amount of home loan 

  • Children’s tuition fees 

  • Interest payment on education loan – Section 80E of the IT Act 

  • Donation to charitable institutions – Section 80G of the IT Act 

The overall combined limit to claim the deductions is Rs. 1,50,000. But to encourage savings, an additional Rs. 50,000 is exempted from tax under NPS (Section 80CCD(1B). 

Income tax slabs under old income tax regime vs new income tax regime

Since both the tax regimes are available, everyone should be aware of the best way to ensure minimum taxation. Here are some pointers on how to save tax on 10 lakh income. 

  1. 1) The biggest change in the new tax regime is that individuals earning up to Rs. 7 lakhs need to pay no tax. (Rebate under section 87A) 

  2. 2) The old tax regime rebates under section 87A remains the same, i.e., 12,500 for income up to Rs 5,00,000. 

Under the old regime, the taxation bracket starts from Rs. 2.5 lakhs per annum, hence: 

  • Up to Rs. 5 lakhs income - 5% tax  

  • Rs. 5 lakhs to Rs. 10 lakhs - 20% tax 

  • Rs. 10 lakhs and above - 30% tax 

  1. 3) In the new regime, the slabs grow larger, so income up to Rs. 3 lakhs are exempt from tax. Thereafter:

  • Rs. 3 to 6 lakhs - 5% tax 

  • Rs. 6 to 9 lakhs - 10% tax 

  • Rs. 9 to 12 lakhs - 15% tax 

  • Rs. 12 to 15 lakhs - 20% tax  

  • Rs. 15 lakhs and above - 30% tax 

How to save tax for salary above 10 lakhs

Careful choice of the tax regime can help to save tax for 10 lakhs income. 

The first step will be to identify the taxable and exempt components of your income. For most individuals: 

  • The basic salary and the DA component is fully taxable. 

  • House rent allowance can be claimed as deduction in parts. 

  • Part of mobile allowance is exempt. 

  • Children’s education is also exempt in some companies. 

  • Standard deductions of Rs. 50,000 and professional tax for their employees 

The final figure is your taxable salary.

Then you can plan for some investments to get more deductions from the taxable income.

  • Health insurance policy premium (under Section 80D), for Self, Spouse, Dependent children & Parents for up to Rs. 25000. For ages 60 and above, Rs. 50,000 is deductible. 

  • Student loan for self or legal dependents under (Section 80E), for a deduction on the interest paid for 8 years from the year of repayment. 

  • Tax saving instruments under (Section 80C) to get a tax deduction of up to Rs. 1,50,000- in any of: 

  1. 1) Employees’ Provident Fund (EPF) 

  2. 2) Public Provident Fund (PPF) 

  3. 3) Equity Linked Saving Scheme funds (ELSS) 

  4. 4) Sukanya Smriddhi Yojana (SSY) 

  5. 5) National Savings Certificate (NSC) 

  6. 6) Fixed Deposit for 5 years, and more 

  • Home loan payers can claim deductions for up to Rs 1,50,000 on the principal amount under section 80C, and the interest amount of up to Rs 2,00,000 paid under section 24B.  

  • Donations to charity get exemption of up to 100 percent under Section 80G. 

  • For disabled dependents, exemption on costs to treat them under Section 80DD, depending on the level of disability. For a 40% disability, you are eligible for the tax relief of up to Rs.75,000, and for a patient up to 80% disability, you can claim Rs.1,25,000. 

How to Calculate Income Tax on salary of 10 lakhs

While it may seem complicated, the IndiaFirst Life Income Tax Calculator shows you how to calculate income tax online in a just a few clicks. 

Let us see a practical calculation on how best to save tax on Rs. 10 lakhs income. The calculations are simple, for a person with a salary of Rs. 10 lakhs: 

Gross Salary - Rs. 10 lakhs 


  • Standard Deduction - 50,000 

  • Professional Tax - 2400  

  • HRA - 1,50,000  

  • LTA - 40,000  

  • Reimbursements - 24,000  

  • Children’s education and hostel allowance - 9,600  

So, the taxable Income is, Rs. 7,24,000. From this you can save:  

  • Under 80C - 1,50,000  

  • Under 80D - 50,000  

  • Under 80E - 25,000  

This leaves the net taxable income as Rs. 4,99,000. On the above income you will need to pay Rs. 12450, which can be claimed as rebate under section 87A of the old regime. 

Under the new tax regime, only three deductions are available-  

  • Standard deduction of Rs 50,000 FY 2023-24 

  • Section 80CCD (2) under the employer's contribution to NPS 

  • Section 80 CCH for investment in the Agniveer Corpus Fund 

The calculations for the new regime are quite simple: 

  • For the first Rs. 3 Lakhs of your taxable income you pay zero tax 

  • For the next Rs. 3 lakhs you pay 5% i.e., Rs.15,000 

  • For the next 3 lakhs you pay 10% i.e., Rs.45,000 

  • For the next 3 lakhs you pay 15 % i.e., Rs. 90,000 

  • For the next 3 lakhs you pay 20% i.e., 1,50,000 

  • For your taxable income part which exceeds Rs. 15 lakhs you pay 30% on the entire amount. 

So for an income of Rs.10 lakhs, the final tax applicable is Rs. 60,000. Under the new regime, there is no clear way to save this tax. 

Which Tax Regime Is Better For 10 Lakhs

The old regime allows for several deductions, and rebates. So, you can save, and invest, while escaping taxes. 

Under the new regime, the taxation slabs have been made easier, but the deductions have been removed.  As per the above calculator, there is no way to save tax in excess of Rs. 60,000. 

Clearly, the old tax regime is better to save tax on Rs. 10 lakhs income 

However, the final calculation rests on the income, its breakup, and exemptions by the salary payer. 

Also Read: The Difference Between Old and New Tax Regime 

Why You Need an Income Tax Calculator

An accurate, simple Income Tax Calculator helps to know how much tax to pay in a year. You simply enter your income and investment details like deductions, exemptions, annual income and expenses, other tax-saving investments, etc.   

The tool can give you a step-by-step process of calculation of final taxes payable. For an instant calculator to solve all your tax payment needs, click here

Starting April 1, 2023, the new tax regime is the default tax regime.  Under the new tax norms, most deductions are not available, but the slabs have become easier. Now individuals need to plan income and investments around how much tax to pay for Rs.10 lakh in a year. 

With the new budget, many of the earlier saving and investing habits will need to be changed. But the choice of regime is still left to the earner - they can choose the new regime or continue with the old, depending on their investment and tax appetite. 


IndiaFirst Life

Headquartered in Mumbai, IndiaFirst Life Insurance Company Limited (IndiaFirst Life), with a paid-up share capital of INR 663 crore, is one of the country's youngest life insurance companies. Our key differentiators are our simple, easy-to-understand products that are fairly-priced and efficiently serviced.We offer a diversified suite of over 46 need-based products & Riders (as of 31st March 2022) catering to varied customer segments, leveraging multiple distribution capabilities and augmenting various investment options. In all, propositions under the categories of Protection, Assured Savings, Wealth, Pension, Health and Group Funds for Employee Liabilities form a complete suite of offerings that help our customers prepare for the certainties of life. Our products are easy to understand and competitively priced with risk management being our core strength.

Showing 1 to 75 of 140 entries.